Motivation is the willingness to exert efforts in order to achieve a desired outcome or goal which will satisfy someone’s needs.
The term motivation has been defined by many authors.
1. According to Stanley Vence, motivation implies “any emotion or desire which so conditions one’s will that the individual is propelled into action”.
2. Robert Dubin defines it as “the complex of forces starting and keeping a person at work in an organisations”. According to this definition, motivation is a force which compels the person to join organisation and keep on working therein.
3. Carroll Shartle, “Motivation is a reported urge or intention to move in a given direction or to achieve a certain goal”.
4. E.F.L. Brech, “Motivation is a general inspiration process which gets the members of the team to pull their weight effectively to give their loyalty to the group, to carry out properly the tasks that they have accepted and generally to play an effective part in the job that the group has undertaken”.
5. Edwin B. Flippo, “Motivation is a process of attempting to influence others to do their work through the possibility of getting reward”.
On the basis of analytical study of above definitions it may be concluded that motivation is a process which inspires the human efforts of an organisation to perform their duties in the best possible manner so that the pre-determined objectives of the enterprise may be achieved. Motivation is the emotion or desire of an employee that inspires him to act or not to act in certain ways.