What is the difference between cheque and bill of exchange

A cheque differs from a bill of exchange in the following respects:

  1. Drawee: A cheque is always drawn on a bank or a banker while a bill of exchange can be drawn on any person including a banker.
  2. Acceptance: A cheque does not require any acceptance while a bill must be accepted before the drawee can be made liable upon it.
  3. Payment: A cheque is payable immediately on demand without any days of grace, but a bill of exchange is normally entitled to three days of grace unless it is payable on demand.
  4. Crossing: A cheque may be crossed but there is no such provision in the case of a bill of exchange.
  5. Notice of dishonor: When a cheque is not met, notice of dishonor is not necessary. Want of assets in the hands of the banker is sufficient notice. It is necessary to give a notice of dishonor in order to make the drawer of a bill liable.
  6. Payable to bearer on demand: A cheque can be drawn payable to bearer on demand. But a bill of exchange cannot be so drawn.
  7. Stamp: A bill of exchange must be stamped, whereas a cheque does not require any stamp.
  8. Countermanding payment: A cheque may be revoked by countermand of payment. The payment of a bill, however cannot be countermanded.
  9. Noting and protesting: A cheque is not noted or protested for dishonor and is generally inland.
  10. Presentment: A bill of exchange must be duly presented for payment otherwise the drawer will be discharged. The drawer of a cheque is not discharged by failure of the holder to present it in due time unless the drawer has sustained damage by the delay.
  11. Protection: A banker is given statutory protection with regard to payment of cheques in certain circumstances. No such protection is available to the drawee or acceptor of a bill of exchange.

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